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The word ” county ” in all languages ​​(flax, lin) means the stems and fiber, yarn and fabric. This word immediately associated with the amazing properties of this material. Flax – a cleanliness, comfort , prestige .

The fiber obtained from stalks of flax , oil – seed . Of flax fibers are different fabrics – from canvas to batiste , widely used in the art and everyday life. Linseed contains 30-47 % fatty fast drying oil , which is of great technical importance . From it is prepared varnish, lacquers, oil-based paints ( including for painting ); it is used for the manufacture of linoleum , oilcloth , artificial leather, soap. Remaining after the oil is pressed flax seed cake is a valuable feed for dairy cattle. Linseed oil and seeds themselves and used in medicine.

Flax fiber has unique consumer properties :

flax highly hygroscopic , absorbs moisture and simultaneously dropping it quickly gives dries ;

on flax fibers is formed static electricity ;

polymerization degree of flax pulp are 2-3 times higher than that of cotton , so it is much stronger , more resistant to degradation by light, and makes a greater number of washes

socks in the process he does not yellow and does not age , and only becomes whiter and more enjoyable ;

flax has antibacterial properties .

These and other properties make flax beneficial to human health , and products from it comfortable to use.

Len has over 10,000 years of history. We know that the linen were mummies of Egyptian pharaohs , dressed in linen garments Roman patricians , soldiers and sailors Petrovsky fleet. The peasants used homespun linen clothing. For thousands of years of making the finest linen batiste and Brussels and Vologda lace and simultaneously rough clothes and sails .

Several times the emergence of new , more technologically advanced fibers ( cotton, viscose , synthetic fibers ) , it seemed , to put flax production to the brink of disaster. Many predicted the death of flax in competition with new fibers. But experience has shown that the production of linen fabrics preserved and even increased , and the combination of flax fibers with new sometimes allowed through the use of cheaper technology – to provide both high consumer properties of tissues .

In our time, flax and linen products are in steady demand in the world market . For its unique properties of flax often called ” gold textiles .”

There are three types of flax (Linum usitatissimum):
Flax (80 – 120cm ) having weak branching only at the top of the stem and used for textile fibers .
Curly ( oil flax ) , cultivated for seed , has a beam of branching stems, stunted (30 – 50cm ) , has 20 times more bolls than flax .
Mezheumok occupying their structure , intermediate position , has branching stems ( 50-70 cm ), its fiber can be used for the production of coarse cloth and twine .

Transverse structure of the flax stem is as follows: the outer layer of skin , under which is bark, bast-fiber bundles containing , consisting of groups of filaments (up to 120mm ) , glued together pectins . Core lines the inside of the stem.

Preparation of flax

The process of growing flax and flax produce very laborious . After maturation , flax ” Teasing ” and spread over the field in the form of tape to under the influence of natural moisture ( dew, rain) on flax began to develop fungi that degrade pectin, fiber connecting with wood stem. As a result of the flax straw is obtained by ” trust” , which branch from the stem fibers facilitated. Then thus obtained raw linseed (” Trust “) comes on for further processing flax-scutching mills .

LNOZAVOD going on primary processing of flax. On myalno – scutching aggregates during myatya fiber scutching and take the form of long strands of a length approximately equal to the length of the stem. Some fibers with breaks or breaks off and falls into the waste scutching – and gets tangled fibers that are called VYTRYASKA . In scutching waste misses the destruction of stem wood ( fire ) .

According to the modern technology of flax stem receive different quality long fiber scutching and treated waste scutching – short fiber .

Porazdelyaetsya long flax fiber to numbers according to GOST 10330-76 8-14 ( “Len Scutched ” ) , short – the numbers 2-6 according to GOST 9394-76 ( ” short flax fiber ” ) . Waste scutching not relevant GOST for short flax fiber used in construction and are usually called ” tow .”

For further processing flax usually arrives at LNOKOMBINAT where long fiber scutching subjected to carding , after which it is divided into carded and hards . After this, all kinds of fibers processed at different technologies and wet and dry spinning processes used for making various tissues.

Of combed long fiber yielding a fine quality yarn , which is used to make different fabrics for clothing, bedding , etc. Feathering is used for the manufacture of nonwovens (base for linoleum ) . Of short flax fiber dry spinning yarn get tougher – for twine , rope , burlap , etc.


Buy Vytryaska you can call: 095-47-44-176, 094-927-41-26, 044-362-71-26, or by writing to:  lnozavod.ua@gmail.com . We hope that the price and quality of Bed Horsing you completely satisfied. We will be glad to see you among our customers.

This post is also available in: Russian, Ukrainian


  • Украинская льняная компания
  • межвенцовый утеплитель
  • Зерно
  • Пелли ЛТД